Chicago Defender

The Chicago Defender is a Chicago-based online newspaper. The Defender was founded in 1905 by Robert S. Abbott for primarily African-American readers. Historically, it is considered the "most important" paper of what was then known as the colored or Negro press. Abbott's newspaper reported and campaigned against Jim Crow era violence and urged blacks in the American South to come north in what became the Great Migration. Abbot worked out an informal distribution system with Pullman porters who surreptitiously (and sometimes against southern state laws and mores) took his paper by rail far beyond Chicago, especially to African American readers in the Southern United States. Under his nephew and chosen successor, John H. Sengstacke, the paper took on segregation, especially in the U.S. military, during World War II. Copies of the paper were passed along in communities, and it is estimated that at its most successful, each copy made its way into the hands of 4 or 5 African-Americans. In 1919–1922, the Defender attracted the writing talents of Langston Hughes; from the 1940s through 1960s Hughes also wrote an opinion column for the paper. Washington D.C and international correspondent Ethel Payne, poet Gwendolyn Brooks, author Willard Motley, and journalist Ida B. Wells wrote fo... ()

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Fischer | Data Science ID: NEWSPAPERS:1105, Added: 07/15/2019, Last updated: 11/12/2019